How to tackle various skin issues.
Acne starts when oil and dead skin cells clog up your pores, which can develop into swollen, tender inflammations or pimples. Heredity and hormones are the culprits behind most forms of acne, but sometimes other factors such as stress and the use of comedogenic skincare or cosmetic products can also aggravate acne.
Expert advice: Wash your face twice a day with a cleanser that contains salicylic acid, advises Thomas-Minns. “This anti-inflammatory ingredient will kill off the bacteria that gives rise to spots, and can also help to keep outbreaks at bay.” If you’re prone to zits, it’s also important to use the right products — look for ‘non-comedogenic’ labels, which means the product won’t clog your pores.
My advice: Cleanse well, exfoliate twice a week to remove dead skin cells. Use a good pimple cream to tackle pimples and treatment cream to prevent pimples.
Try using Salicylic Acid or BP, whichever works for you; try DHC’s Salicylic Toner and La Roche Posay’s pimple cream.
Hyper pigmentation are dark patches of uneven skin color. “It can be caused by hormonal influences (for example, pregnancy) or trauma to the skin after inflammation caused by spots or UV exposure,” says Thomas-Minns.
Expert advice: The most important thing you can do is to protect your skin against spot-causing UV rays — by using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a SPF of at least 15 containing titanium dioxide or zinc oxide, she advises. Apply it everyday and avoid long hours of exposure under the sun. To help lighten pigmentation, active ingredients like Vitamin C can be effective in brightening the pigmented areas.
My advice: Try applying Lemon all over the face for whitening and lightening of pigmentation.
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that causes redness, spidery blood vessels, swelling and/or acne-like symptoms across many areas of the face. The redness may come and go. The exact cause of rosacea is uncertain, but some triggers are known to cause a flare-up, such as hot weather, stress and spicy foods.
Expert advice: Avoid the common triggers which can cause the blood vessels in the face to expand and make the redness more pronounced — stress, spicy foods, alcohol, hot baths and extreme temperatures. Reduce heat, pressure and friction and keep product use simple, advises Thomas-Minns.
My Advice: Use soap free cleansers and simple moisturizer that isn’t harsh for the skin. Try Avene which is for sensitive skins.
These are small black bumps that clog up your skin’s pores. “Blackheads are plugs of oil and dead skin cells that turn black as the oil interacts with oxygen — not just because the skin is dirty,” says Thomas-Minns.
Expert advice: A good cleansing routine can go a long way towards tackling blackheads. “Cleanse your skin effectively by doing one cleanse to ‘remove the day’, followed by a second cleanse to clean the skin,” she suggests. While tt’s tempting to try to squeeze out blackheads, do be careful how you do this. “Gentle extraction can be performed, but only when the skin and your hands are clean, and you may like to steam the skin first for a few minutes to open the follicle and allow the blackhead to pop out with ease.” Following up with a dab of tea tree oil or antiseptic gel will help protect against infection.
My Advice: Use a peel off mask once a month or better still, visit a facialist to help you do the job of squeezing. Try B.liv or Adonis for comedones.
Eczema symptoms include itchy rashes and scaly skin, often found on the inside of the elbows and knees, but can also occur on the face and body. The most common type of eczema is known as atopic eczema which is usually accompanied by other allergic conditions such as asthma and hay fever, explains Thomas-Minns. Eczema are most commonly found in children, although adults can get it, too.
Expert advice: To relieve and prevent itching, keep skin moist with lotions and creams. Look for a product with aloe vera which helps soothe and heal skin, she says, and apply when the skin is damp, such as after bathing, to aid moisture retention. Over-the-counter products, such as hydrocortisone 1% cream, or prescription creams and ointments containing corticosteroids also help reduce inflammation.
My Advice: Moisturize, moisturize and still moisturize. Your best bet is an aloe vera gel that can soothe and calm your skin. Try Fruit of The Earth Aloe Vera Gel.
Psoriasis is characterized by red and irritated skin, usually accompanied by silver-white scales.
Expert advice: “Psoriasis can also be soothed by bathing in Dead sea salts and using products that contain Vitamin E and Evening Primrose Oil,” Thomas-Minns advises. Also try salicylic acid which helps remove scales.